Indian Country Criminal Justice, Bachelor of Science
The interdisciplinary nature of this degree ensures that students will have a wide range of substantive knowledge in criminal justice and in Indigenous Studies, as well as special knowledge about legal jurisdiction and federal Indian policy as provided specifically by this degree. The degree will assist them to develop their communication, cultural, and interpersonal skills as well as analytic and problem-solving skills. The ICJ program is expected to grow over the coming years as more Indian nations establish their own justice institutions as a means to enhance self-government and nation-building.
This innovative, interdisciplinary degree will educate students about these critical dimensions of criminal justice in Indian Country, as well as provide training in the application of knowledge, skills, and theory in many settings, from law enforcement to judiciary settings to advocacy to policy development. Criminal Justice in Indian Country is a unique, complex, and specialized field.
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Career Accordion Open
Career opportunities that might be pursued:
- Law enforcement officer
- Court staff
- Detention staff
- Indigenous restorative justice systems
- Victim advocacy
- Probation and parole
- Policy analysis
With further education, one of these paths is possible:
- Tribal or federal judiciary: judge or administrator
- Detention system administration
- Criminal defense law
- Criminal Prosecution
- Tribal government
- Policy consultation
Requirements Accordion Closed
To receive a bachelor's degree at Northern Arizona University, you must complete at least 120 units of credit that minimally includes a major, the liberal studies requirements, and university requirements as listed below.
- All of Northern Arizona University's liberal studies, diversity, junior-level writing, and capstone requirements.
- All requirements for your specific academic plan(s).
- At least 30 units of upper-division courses, which may include transfer work.
- At least 30 units of coursework taken through Northern Arizona University, of which at least 18 must be upper-division courses (300-level or above). This requirement is not met by credit-by-exam, retro-credits, transfer coursework, etc.
- A cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0 on all work attempted at Northern Arizona University.
Overview Accordion Closed
In addition to University Requirements:
- At least 42 units of major requirements
- Up to 9 units of major prefix courses may be used to satisfy Liberal Studies requirements; these same courses may also be used to satisfy major requirements
- Elective courses, if needed, to reach an overall total of at least 120 units
Please note that you may be able to use some courses to meet more than one requirement. Contact your advisor for details.
|Minimum Units for Completion||120|
|Highest Mathematics Required||MAT 114|
|University Honors Program||Optional|
|Some online/blended coursework||Required|
|Progression Plan Link||View Progression Plan|
Criminal justice in Indian Country is a unique, complex, and specialized field that is presently not taught at any university in the United States. To be proficient, a professional working in this field must know and understand how to analyze essential facets and challenges of the field, such as: 1) the parameters of Indian Country; 2) the process to determine who is an American Indian; 3) the distinction between an American Indian person’s “political status” and “racial status” and within the context of enrolled membership; 4) whether federal law, American Indian nation law, state law, or a combination of the laws of two jurisdictions applies; 5) whether the criminal procedure rights of the U.S. Constitution, the Indian Civil Rights Act, or the American Indian nation’s Bill of Rights apply; and 6) which court – federal, American Indian nation, or state – would have jurisdiction over the matter. Throughout the program, these analyses are undertaken based upon the fundamental principle that American Indian nations are self-governing sovereigns and that current federal Indian policy promotes self-determination, self-government, and nation-building. The major in Indian Country Criminal Justice educates students with accurate, current knowledge about criminal justice and culturally-appropriate justice services on Indigenous lands, and helps students develop the unique skills they need to pursue criminal justice careers on and around Indigenous lands, with Indigenous peoples, in Indigenous communities, and with justice institutions of self-governing Indigenous nations.
Student Learning Outcomes
- Describe the foundational doctrines, principles, and rules that underlie the sovereign status of American Indian nations and their self-governing powers, including the laws and court decisions that define the term Indian Country and the unique government to government relationship that American Indian nations have with other governments;
- Describe the laws and policies that regulate the Indian Country work of criminal justice organizations, and that protect the rights of all persons who are affected by criminal laws in Indian country;
- Develop cultural competency in the cultures, religions, norms and values of Indigenous peoples that criminal justice professionals must respect in order to serve Indigenous communities;
- Analyze and describe the impact of colonial processes on crime, victimization, and justice service delivery in Indian Country;
- Summarize and differentiate between the major and the social science perspectives about crime, criminalization, and victimization in Indian Country and apply them to critically analyze contemporary injustices in Indian Country.
Details Accordion Closed
This major requires 42 units.
Take the following 42 units with a Grade of "C" or better in each course.
- (AIS 201 or AIS 255) (3 units)
- (AIS 350 or CCJ 355) (3 units)
- AIS 202, AIS 480 (6 units)
- (AIS 301W or CCJ 345W) which meets the junior-level writing requirement (3 units)
- (AIS 490C or CCJ 480C) which meets the senior capstone requirement (3 units)
- (CCJ 101 or JUS 110) (3 units)
- (CCJ 250 or JUS 120) (3 units)
- ICJ 483 or AIS 483 (3 units)
Select from (3 units):
Select additional from (12 units):
- AIS 101, AIS 201, AIS 230, AIS 255, AIS 260, AIS 304, AIS 310, AIS 325, AIS 350, AIS 390, AIS 395, AIS 408, AIS 450
- (AIS 290 or CCJ 312), (AIS 497 or CCJ 497)
- CCJ 220, CCJ 350, CCJ 360, CCJ 380, CCJ 425
- (CCJ 210 or JUS 330), (CCJ 240 or JUS 247), (CCJ 270 or JUS 135), (CCJ 325 or JUS 215), (CCJ 390 or JUS 235), (CCJ 410 or JUS 414)
- (ICJ 330 or AIS 330), (ICJ 335 or AIS 335)
- JUS 230, JUS 334, JUS 338, JUS 411, JUS 412, JUS 416
Indian Country Criminal Justice majors may not pursue a dual major or dual degree with Applied Indigenous Studies or a dual major with Criminology and Criminal Justice.
Additional coursework is required, if, after you have met the previously described requirements, you have not yet completed a total of 120 units of credit.
You may take these remaining courses from any academic areas, using these courses to pursue your specific interests and goals. We encourage you to consult with your advisor to select the courses that will be most advantageous to you. (Please note that you may also use prerequisites or transfer credits as electives if they weren't used to meet major, minor, or liberal studies requirements.)
Be aware that some courses may have prerequisites that you must also take. For prerequisite information click on the course or see your advisor.