Virtual Private Network
NAU's VPN service allows clients who are connecting to the Northern Arizona University network from a non-NAU Internet Service Provider (ISP) to appear as if they are directly connected to the campus network.
This allows for access to resources and services that are restricted to campus-connected computers.What is a VPN?
Who should use a VPN?
Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a network that uses 128-bit encryption and other security mechanisms to ensure that only authorized users can access the network and that data cannot be intercepted.
VPNs are “virtual” in the sense that individuals can use the public Internet as a means of securely accessing their corporate network. Once the VPN connection is established, users have access to the same network resources, addresses, and security as if they were attached locally on NAU's campus. Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is a networking technology that supports VPNs, enabling remote users to access the NAU network securely.
VPNs are “private” because the data is encrypted between the client computer and the VPN server. Encryption makes it very difficult for anyone to intercept packets and capture sensitive data such as passwords.
NAU's VPN service allows clients that are connecting to the Northern Arizona University network from a non-NAU Internet Service Provider (ISP) to appear as if they are directly connected to the campus network. This allows for access to resources and services that are restricted to campus-connected computers.
Traveling personnel and those who use outside ISPs for remote access to NAU services can benefit from the VPN. Examples of remote users are those using:
- wireless on campus
- Ethernet or wireless ports provided at conferences
- home services like DSL or cable modem.
- internet connections through their mobile devices
These connections are not secure to the NAU network.
Cisco AnyConnect VPN
The Cisco AnyConnect VPN is a Virtual Private Network (VPN) service provided by NAU that allows clients to connect to NAU's network from a non-NAU Internet Service Provider (ISP).
For help getting the Cisco AnyConnect client installed and connected, please visit our Cisco AnyConnect VPN support page.
Microsoft PPTP VPN
The University will be moving away from the Microsoft Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) VPN and transitioning to the new Cisco AnyConnect VPN. ITS recommends utilizing the new Cisco AnyConnect VPN client unless you have a business use case to remain on the Microsoft VPN. For more information on the Cisco AnyConnect client, please view the "Cisco AnyConnect VPN" section above.How do I get connected to the Microsoft VPN?
VPN troubleshooting tips
Mac OS X
General Troubleshooting BEFORE you call the Solution Center (for faculty and staff ) at 523-1511 or the Student Help Desk (for students) at 523-9294:
Contact your Internet Service Provider to confirm that VPN and specifically PPTP protocols are supported.
Investigate if your local firewall or LAN configuration is affecting the VPN connection.
Document exact error message and when it appears.
Problem: Response is slower when using the VPN than when not using the VPN.
Possible cause: Your computer is probably slowed down because your computer must perform Data Encryption Standard encryption/decryption on each packet it sends/receives through the VPN tunnel. Data Encryption Standard encryption/decryption requires a great deal of computation that isn't required when you don't use the VPN.
Solution: Only use the VPN when you need to access NAU resources that require you to be connected directly to the campus network.
Problem: How can I tell if the tunnel is being used? How can I tell how much the tunnel is being used?
Solution: Open the VPN Client program. Click on the tab labeled "General." You will see information about the number of data packets sent and received on the tunnel.
Problem: You are able to connect to your Internet Service Provider but you are unable to connect to VPN, try these:
Problem: When you try to connect to your VPN server, you may be unable to connect, and you may receive one of the following error messages:
Error 678: There was no answer.
Error 930: The authentication server did not respond to authentication requests in a timely fashion.
Error 800: Unable to establish connection.
Error 623: The system could not find the phone book entry for this connection.
Error 720: No PPP control protocols configured.
Solution: Verify that you have connected to the Internet through your Internet Service Provider before you try to connect to the VPN server.
Problem: You can connect to the Internet but you still cannot establish a connection to the VPN server and you receive error 623.
This problem occurs because the First Connect option is selected in Virtual Private Connection to use a Dial-up Connection and the Dial-up Connection has been deleted.
To work around this problem:
Click Start, point to Settings, and then click Network and Dial-Up Connections.
Right-click the Virtual Private Connection in question, and then click Properties.
Select the "Dial another connection first" check box, and then select the appropriate Dial-up connection from the drop-down list box. If there is no Dial-up connection to choose from in this location, you may have to create a Dial-up connection and then repeat these steps.