Developing Teaching Tools Using Analysis of Videos of Community University Research Partners Accordion Closed
Shayne Charlie, Nicolette Teufel-Shone, PhD
The goal of the Southwest Health Equity Research Collaborative (SHERC) is to increase basic biomedical, clinical, and behavioral research to address health disparities among diverse populations of the Southwestern United States. This goal requires community partnerships. To convey ways in which community-academic partnerships can be developed and sustained, SHERC has developed a Video Series, “Stories of Community-Engaged Research”. The video content is a teaching tool but was also analyzed to determine characteristics that aid in the success of community-academic partnerships; thus, contributions are made to the current gap in literature by emphasizing the community partner’s perspective.
Diné Prevention Project Against AIDS and Substance Abuse (DPPASA) Accordion Closed
Monica Harvey, Julie Baldwin, PhD, Kristan Elwell, PhD
Rates of HIV/AIDS and alcohol and other drugs (AOD) use amongst American Indian/Alaskan Natives (AI/AN) remains high. At the end of 2016, the overall rate of HIV diagnoses increased 46% among AI/AN. In 2015, the overall rate of substance use disorders among AI/AN was reported at 12.7%, higher than the national average of 8.1%. AI/AN youth tend to use alcohol and drugs more often, and in higher amounts, compared to other races/ethnicities. The Diné Prevention Project Against AIDS and Substance Abuse (DPPASA) is an AIDS and alcohol and drug abuse prevention curriculum specifically designed for Navajo youth (4th to 6th grade). The overall goal of this study is to increase youth self-efficacy for preventing AIDS and AOD abuse. Faculty from NAU and staff from the Navajo Health Education and HIV Prevention Program (NHEP) will pilot test and implement a culturally adapted HIV/AIDS and substance abuse prevention curriculum in 2 schools on the Navajo Nation.
The Effects of Temperature on Cognitive Performance for Men and Women Accordion Closed
Orin Shepherd, Natasha Dmitrieva, PhD, Nora Dunbar, PhD, Laura Noll, PhD
Recent research suggests that room temperature plays a significant role in the thermal comfort and cognitive performance of men and women. In fact, Tom Y. Chang and Agne Kajackaite suggests that women perform better on math tasks, whereas men perform better on verbal tasks, at higher temperatures. The goal of this study is to replicate a subset of these unexpected findings. We are currently recruiting a sample of 100 Northern Arizona University Undergraduate students. The subjects will be given three tasks to complete under two room temperatures: normal and hot. Subjects will be informed of their compensation and it will depend upon their performance. The first task will test the subjects in their ability to complete math equations without a calculator. The second task will test subjects on their ability to spell words verbally using 10 letters. And, the third task will test subjects in their cognition using three questions from the Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT). In the previous study, gender and temperature interaction effects were found for the math and verbal tasks, but not for the CRT task. If the previous findings are confirmed, the results may have implications for cognitive performance in the classroom and productivity in the workplace.
The Gold King Mine Spill: A Navajo Nation Soil and Water Contamination Study Accordion Closed
Kiana Toadlena, Jani Ingram, PhD
The Navajo Nation has potentially experienced water, sediment, and soil contamination from the Gold King Mine Spill. The Gold King Mine is located in San Juan County, Colorado and released about 3 million gallons of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) into the Animas River on August 5, 2015. The Animas River meets the San Juan River in Farmington, NM which is an important water source for the Navajo people living in or near the New Mexico towns of Shiprock, Fruitland, and Farmington. Environmental water, soil, and sediment samples were collected and analyzed throughout the year after the spill to keep residents of these communities updated of potential contamination from the AMD. Studies from 2016 have shown that heavy metals and metalloids such as lead and arsenic were present in the river water and sediments at natural background levels. The purpose of this study is to follow-up on the 2015/2016 sampling to determine if there had been any changes in the San Juan River sediment four years after the spill. In this project, 22 sediment samples were collected from similar locations as were collected previously and analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the same contaminants. The results of this follow-on study will be reported. Future implications will include comparison of results from the beginning of the spill to today (2019) to provide longer term information to the communities.