Available Technologies

Advanced Implantable Datalogger

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Michael Shafer, Paul Flikkema, C. Loren Buck, Austin Rhodes

Description: This novel datalogger is designed to collect high fidelity, biotelemetry data while reducing the impact upon the host.

Potential Applications: The system can be applied to both wildlife and human subjects (including internal biological functions) for tracking and monitoring.

Benefits and Advantages: This system provides wireless data transfer outside of the host prior to removal, wireless updates to the tag software from outside the host, wireless charging from an energy source outside the host, and energy harvesting and storage based on the host’s behavior and environment for energy efficiency.

Case No.: 2017-001

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Automated System for Evaluating Speech Proficiency

Patent No.: PCT Application No. PCT/US16/19939

Inventor(s): Okim Kang, David Johnson

Description: A program for automatically scoring the proficiency of speech and predicting the intelligibility of pronunciation to enhance communications with automated scoring systems.

Potential Applications: This invention can be used in testing and training of non-native speakers.

Benefits and Advantages: This system goes beyond conventional automated speech recognition by assessing a speaker’s rhythm, stress, and intonation during unconstrained and interactive speech.

Case No.: 2013-018

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Biomimetic Actuator Control System

Patent No.: US Application No. 14/880,118

Inventor(s): Kiisa Nishikawa, John Tester, Jeremy Petak

Description: A method for controlling actuators that incorporates elements of a model of muscle actuation based on the winding filament hypothesis.

Potential Applications: This actuator has applications in mechanics, prosthetic development, robotic devices, and engineering.

Benefits and Advantages: This method emulates the intrinsic properties of muscle movement and demonstrably captures the non-linear properties of muscle actuation during active stretch and shortening.

Case No.: 2015-022; see also Case No. 2008-006

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing in certain fields of use

Collapsible Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Michael Shafer, Kellan Rothfus, Lauren Adoram-Kershner, Jason Vizcaino, Jeffrey Eberle

Description: This rotary wing aerial vehicle system can be easily collapsed and transported efficiently.

Potential Applications: Applications extend to the broad range of uses for unmanned aerial vehicles.

Benefits and Advantages: Innovative features include the ability to collapse to be transported in a tube. One design feature that enables quick assembly is the snap-in feature of the lower arms as they fold into the central vehicle hub. The vehicle arms are further designed for easy repair after a vehicle crash as specific regions are intended to structurally fail to dissipate the force of impact on the rest of the vehicle.

Case No.: 2017-002

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Data Compiler for True Random Number Generation

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Bertrand Cambou

Description: This technology describes a novel way to extract true random generators from memory products using ternary states to create an extremely high level of randomness that is accepted as non-detectable from existing and future computers.

Potential Applications: Applications aimed at randomization and cryptography of computer systems.

Benefits and Advantages: The level of randomness produced through this method in terms of probability to be non-random can be lower than 10-10, which reaches the threshold for non-detectability by computers.

Case No.: 2017-003

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Design of Physically Unclonable Functions from Sensors and Their Calibration

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Bertrand Cambou

Description: Natural variations are created during the manufacturing of sensors that are compensated for through calibration. These variations can be exploited to generate cryptographic Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs), which act as a digital fingerprint and are aimed to strengthen the cybersecurity and trustworthiness of the authentication of microelectronic systems.

Potential Applications: Applications include a wide range of sensors and electronic devices that utilize sensors such as mobile devices, smart grid, cyber physical systems, medical devices, and safety components.

Benefits and Advantages: Increased security protection for sensor-based system.

Case No.: 2016-044

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Electrical Cable Portable Rotary Manipulator

Title: Electrical Cable Portable Rotary Manipulator

Patent No(s).: US 8,444,115 and US 9,172,223

Inventor(s): John Tester, Andrew Dethlefs

Description: This tool can be used to manipulate (e.g., bend, unbend, "shorten," "lengthen") heavy gauge cable (750 MCM) and pipes. It has been designed to cope with the properties of helically wound cable where bending and unbending can cause lateral distortions of the cable, and it can be operated by a lineman in the confines of a power cabinet. The device can be operated by a mechanical rotary input, such as a battery-powered drill, allowing motor-assisted device cable "take-up."

Potential Applications: This device is a useful tool for electrical contractors handling heavy cable as well as power.

Benefits and Advantages: Commercial-grade electrical power cables are currently manipulated manually, potentially resulting in soft-tissue injuries. This technology allows a lineman to manipulate cables without creating or exacerbating injury. The design represents the best combination of minimum torque input, compact size, low weight, and least acceptable damage to the cable. 

Case No.: 2008-004

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Fire Wall Apparatus with Nano-Material Physically Unclonable Functions for Fiber-Optic Communication

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Bertrand Cambou, John Gibbs

Description: Complex nanostructures deposited with techniques such as Glancing Angle Deposition (GLAD) are inserted in a fiber-optic cable to create unique patterns that can be exploited as Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) through an image detector.

Potential Applications: This technology is designed for use with cryptographic systems and authentication methods.

Benefits and Advantages: This method takes advantage of the inherent variations in the nanostructure, which are a natural part of the fabrication process, to give rise to a useful PUF. The PUF can then act as a virtual fingerprint of the hardware to deliver unique signatures during the authentication process.

Case No.: 2016-016

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Fluidized Woody Biomass Dryer

Patent No.: US Application No. 13/663,359

Inventor(s): Bridget Bero, Alarick Reiboldt, Ward Davis

Description: A fluid bed dryer that can be used to dry biomass such as wood chips, wood particles, grasses, grain, and other plant materials at lower temperatures.

Potential Applications: This portable air dryer for drying wood chips and other organic material that can be used near the chipping landing for immediate use to reduce transportation costs by eliminating the transport of water to the final destination.

Benefits and Advantages: This invention has several distinct advantages over other drying methods including the use of air as the dryer gas, controllably varied drying temperatures during use, compact and portable design, and easily scaled for optimum use for a specific application.

Case No.: 2011-009

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Integrated Electro-Magnetohydrodynamic Micropump

Patent No.: US 8,480,377

Inventor(s): Constantin Ciocanel, Nazmul Islam

Description: A micropump for precision fluid handling that offers the advantages of highly controllable reversible flow over a wide range of flow rates, reduced frictional losses, and a compact design with no moving parts.

Potential Applications: This pump has applications in medical devices, diagnostics, and biochemical testing. In particular, this micropump can be used for flow regulation in fuel cells, drug delivery in micro-medical devices, and microelectronic cooling systems.

Benefits and Advantages: Advantages include a highly controllable flow that can operate over a wide range of micro-flow rates with high efficiency, and a compact design with no moving parts, which is easy to integrate in micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) and in “lab-on-a-chip” devices. This micropump operates at low voltage (as small as 500mV bias voltage), which translates into high device portability and minimal pH gradients. Additionally, this micropump avoids electrolysis and its secondary effects due to its capability to operate at high frequencies.

Case No.: 2009-002

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Integrated Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Radio Tracking System

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Michael Shafer, Paul Flikkema, Joseph Davidson

Description: This unmanned aerial vehicle-radio tracking (UAV-RT) system includes a UAV-mounted antenna and receiver as well as a high-speed data processing system for efficient reception and localization of Very High Frequency (VHF) tags used in wildlife tracking.

Potential Applications: Real-time localization for wildlife species.

Benefits and Advantages: In addition to improved detection and localization performance, the system is collapsible for field deployment, less susceptible to electromagnetic interference, and fire-safe. The system provides three-dimensional mobility paired with autonomous or semi-autonomous flight planning capable of tracking multiple tags at a time.

Case No.: 2016-027

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Ionic Liquids that Sterilize and Prevent Biofilm Formation in Skin Wound Healing Devices

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Robert Kellar, Nathan Nieto, Andrew Koppisch, Rico Del Sesto

Description: During wound healing, the tissue is susceptible to biofilms established by pathogens, which cause infection and slow the healing process. These biofilms are difficult to treat with conventional antibiotics. A method of using a specific ionic liquid to neutralize biofilms has been developed that can transverse the dermal layers to treat the biofilm within the skin. Electrospinning is used to eject solubilized material onto a charged protein scaffold fabricated using native skin proteins to match the composition and architecture of skin, thereby enhancing wound healing.

Potential Applications: Clinical dermal wound treatment including chronic non-healing wounds.

Benefits and Advantages: This treatment method show promise to significantly reduce wound healing time by mimicking natural skin composition and providing this ionic liquid directly into the wound.

Case No.: 2017-004

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Managing Control of Instruction and Process Execution in a Programmable Computing System

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Paul Flikkema

Description: This provides an improved method for prioritizing executions of a set of instructions in a computer system that are associated with a priority and an atomicity. When an instruction is fetched, the computer system can access the priority and atomicity information together with assessing the operand and decoding the instruction. The instruction may be executed in accordance with the fetched priority and atomicity or in some cases, the set of instructions may be executed in parallel by multiple functional units. Some of the functional units may be the same type, therefore allowing multiple instructions to use the same type of functional unit at the same time without waiting for another instruction to finish.

Potential Applications: Applicable to computing and microprocessor systems.

Benefits and Advantages: A novel technique for managing control of instruction and process execution and matching of simultaneous computational demands to resources.

Case No.: 2016-047

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Methods to Authenticate Images Extracted from Unclonable Objects

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Bertrand Cambou, Abolfazl Razi

Description: This method leverages the natural complexity of nanomaterials to generate Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) from unclonable images to prevent malicious parties from extracting responses generated for authentication.

Potential Applications: This technology is designed for use with cryptographic systems and authentication methods in threat mitigation.

Benefits and Advantages: By implementing PUFs in conjunction with the processing images of unclonable objects, authentication by image detection methods are substantially more robust against malicious intrusion attacks.

Case No.: 2016-029

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Microsensor Material and Methods for Analyte Detection

Patent No.: US 8,828,733

Inventor(s): Timothy Porter, Ray Stewart, Timothy Vail

Description: A patented sensor material that can rapidly and selectively detect toxic gases such as hydrogen cyanide, chlorine, carbon monoxide, and hydrogen sulfide.

Potential Applications: This material can be used in sensors for use in medicine, counter-terrorism, and environmental studies.

Benefits and Advantages: The material is more robust and provides higher sensitivity detection of volatile chemicals.

Case No.: 2008-007

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Motor-Spring Actuator System Based on a Functionary Model of Human Muscle

Patent No.: US 9,222,559, JP 5,452,630, EP 2406524

Inventor(s): Kiisa Nishikawa, Theodore Uyeno

Description: This invention is an electro-mechanical actuator inspired by the protein molecule, titin, which is responsible for extremely rapid muscular motion such as a toad using the tongue to capture an insect with near instantaneous movement. Titin acts like a wound-up spring that stores energy in such a way that it can be released explosively, which will create a more efficient movement based on a linear motion.

Potential Applications: Mechanics: Actuators can be used in a number of automobile mechanical systems, such as the clutch, engine, brake systems, and any other functionality that involves movement. 

  • Prosthetics: An actuator such as this used in prosthetic limbs would make the movement of the artificial limb more fluid and human-like as well as give them an opportunity to adjust to changes in weight.
  • Robotics: Robotics is another important application. This invention will give the robot more fluid movement and faster movement that can adjust to weight changes.
  • Engineering: Actuators can be used in the engineering of airplanes and other heavy machinery that requires rapid and fluid movement. 

Benefits and Advantages: This type of efficiency results in a more proficient and fluid actuator that can adjust to weight changes.

Case No.: 2008-006

Licensing Status: Available for licensing in certain fields of use

Multi-Layered Honeycomb Materials for Structural Supercapacitors

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Constantin Ciocanel, Cindy Browder, Bertrand Cambou

Description: This technology integrates the mechanical strength properties of a honeycomb design with the lightweight and stable thermal properties of carbon fiber electrodes. The result is a multi-layered honeycomb material for supercapacitor manufacture that simultaneously magnifies the value of capacitance and the electric power storage capability.

Potential Applications: A wide range of applications includes efficient power storage for electric vehicles, unmanned aerial vehicles, portable electronics, airplanes, and renewable energy among many others.

Benefits and Advantages: This novel structure replaces batteries, in whole or in part, by storing power within mechanical structures such as walls, floors, ceiling, frames, and the connecting beams of full devices/systems.

Case No.: 2016-030; See also Case No. 2012-007

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Physically Unclonable Function-Based Password Generation Scheme

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Bertrand Cambou

Description: This invention provides a method for authenticating distributed peripherals on a computer network using physically unclonable functions (PUFs). This method does not require a database of passwords that are primary targets for hacking. Instead, reference patterns are generated by an addressable PUF generator (APG) and then downloaded in the secure memory of a distributed network.

Potential Applications: This technology is designed for use with cryptographic systems and authentication methods.

Benefits and Advantages: This method does not require the storage of passwords on a database or secret keys, and thereby is immune to traditional database hacking attacks.

Case No.: 2017-011

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Physically Unclonable Functions with Memories Containing Ternary States

Patent No.: US Application 14/958,436

Inventor(s): Bertrand Cambou

Description: Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) designed with memories containing ternary states are used to strengthen the level of security of emerging authentication methods. PUFs act as a virtual fingerprint of the hardware by delivering unique signatures during the authentication process.

Potential Applications: This technology is designed for use with cryptographic systems and authentication methods.

Benefits and Advantages: The authentications of these strong PUF challenges are less susceptible to side channel attacks, and the matching response is highly predictable.

Case No.: 2016-010

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Physically Unclonable Functions with Multi-States and Machine Learning

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Bertrand Cambou, Fatemah Afghah

Description: This method is used to design Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) with multi-states that are identified to capture the profile of the physical parameters underlining challenges or responses of PUFs, while only streams of binary bits are downloaded to secure servers. When subject to natural effects such as aging, temperature changes, bias voltage drifts, or electrostatic interferences, the profile of the PUF challenge-response-pairs (CRPs) error rates is made predictable when analyzed by multi-states. A Machine Learning Engine can compute the CRP error rates together with a learning experience that includes the sensing of operating parameters, such as temperature or voltage, as well as a learning database.

Potential Applications: This technology is designed for use with cryptographic systems and authentication methods.

Benefits and Advantages: By analyzing the current output of the PUF device in conjunction with the predicted error rates accounting for variations over time, natural drifts in the PUF’s output do not result in errors such as negative authentication, while statistically abnormal challenges may still be caught and flagged as a strong negative authentication.

Case No.: 2016-017

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Pressure Cycle Energy Harvesting System in Marine Applications

Patent No.: US Application No. 15/173,540

Inventor(s): Michael Shafer, Eric Morgan, Gregory Hahn

Description: A system for harvesting energy from changes in pressure, such as those experienced by marine animals or vehicles that routinely dive.

Potential Applications: This system can be used to power small marine wildlife tracking devices and autonomous underwater vehicles to extend operational lifespan.

Benefits and Advantages: Advantages include sustainable and renewable energy generation, power generation capability while moving both up and down, autonomous piloting, and extended use over thousands of miles.

Case No.: 2015-012

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Quantitative Stable Isotope Probing for Microbial Ecology

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Bruce Hungate, Egbert Schwartz, Rebecca Mau, Jane Marks

Description: This method employs the novel quantitative Stable Isotope Probing (SIP) technology so that the isotopic incorporation into the genomes of individual microbial taxa can be quantified. Baseline densities of microbial taxa are determined without exposure to isotope tracers and then used to quantify the change in DNA density of each taxon caused by isotopic incorporation.

Potential Applications: This method is applied to quantify SIP experimental data for the use in microbial samples.

Benefits and Advantages: This method provides a consistent framework for interpreting and quantifying SIP experiments by accounting for GC variation and allowing for inter-experiment and cross studies comparisons of individual microbial taxa.

Case No.: 2016-020

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Random Number Generator with Ternary States

Patent No.: US Application 15/150,179

Inventor(s): Bertrand Cambou

Description: A method of random number generation (RNG) in which the resulting data streams extracted from this method have a high level of randomness that can benefit from additional methods of randomization.

Potential Applications: This technology is designed for use with cryptographic systems and authentication methods.

Benefits and Advantages: One important application of this method is related to Resistive RAMs because of its greater immunity to side channel attacks such as DPA and EMI. With ReRAM, RNG data rates can be extremely fast, reaching the 1 Gbit/s level.

Case No.: 2016-013

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Shareview™: Leveraging Mobile Devices for Social Rich Media Sharing

Patent No.: US 8,997,167, US 9,402,090

Inventor(s): John Georgas, Lee Bliss, Jenean Perelstein, Britt Mullen, Bryce Carey, Waylon Dixon, Chad Ellsworth

Description: This patented live-streaming point-of-view video sharing system relies on a hands-free video camera that wirelessly transmits video and audio to a mobile device, which in turn uploads the content wirelessly to a video streaming server in real-time.

Potential Applications: This invention has applications in social media, entertainment, distance learning, and law enforcement.

Benefits and Advantages: Shareview™ makes real time, point-of-view (POV) video sharing easy and accessible. An over-the-ear Bluetooth device with a video camera built in records the sights and sounds that the user experiences and relays them to the user’s smart phone.

Case No.: 2012-013

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Structural Supercapacitors

Patent No.: PCT Application No. PCT/US2013/037217, AU Patent 2013249144; other patents pending

Inventor(s): Constantin Ciocanel, Cindy Browder

Description: A solid polymer electrolyte material and a carbon fiber based supercapacitor design utilizing this unique material provide both power storage and mechanical support in a single device.

Potential Applications: Applications include use in electronics and power storage components in aerospace, automotive, and green energy fields.

Benefits and Advantages: This material increases power storage capability by using load-bearing structural material for power storage, can be molded without compromise to strength and durability, and reduces power consumption and device size.

Case No.: 2012-007

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Systems Implementing Hierarchical Level of Security

Patent No.: Patent Pending

Inventor(s): Bertrand Cambou

Description: This method provides a hierarchical level of security by employing Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) and the distribution of a set of authentication keys with “no-care” states. Each of the multiple PUFs can drive a separate level of access control, while “no-care” states can be included in the authentication keys when the security risk levels are lower.

Potential Applications: This technology is designed for use with cryptographic systems and authentication methods.

Benefits and Advantages: This technology offers more flexibility to the user to increase or decrease the level of security.

Case No.: 2016-043

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

System and Method for Optimizing Energy Efficiency in Programmable Devices

Patent No.: US 9,459,685

Inventor(s): Paul Flikkema

Description: A system and method for analyzing and reducing the electrical energy use of an embedded system dependent on a limited energy source such as a battery, thereby maximizing its operational lifespan.

Potential Applications: This invention has potential applications in computer system design, software, communications equipment manufacturing, and industrial process control manufacturing, among others.

Benefits and Advantages: Advantages include closed-loop control of energy usage, which frees the programmer from manual optimization and maintains the optimization throughout unforeseen usage conditions, an Energy Hardware Abstraction Layer (eHAL) to provide the programmer with a clean interface, and combined energy sensing and model-based inference to provide rich information regarding energy usage of particular peripherals.

Case No.: 2012-017

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing

Use of Acoustics to Disrupt and Deter Wood-Infesting Insects from and Within Trees

Patent No.: US 9,480,248, MX 340825; other patents pending

Inventor(s): Richard Hofstetter, Reagan McGuire, David Dunn

Description: A non-chemical method of treating and preventing insect infestation of trees and other wooden objects. An acoustic signal is emitted from the device, which has been shown to aggravate insects, disrupting the mating, tunneling, and reproduction that kill trees. This method appears to be specific in its effects on certain species and has little impact on non-target species, including the host trees.

Potential Applications: Targeted invertebrates include bark beetles, termites, carpenter ants, wood wasps, and barnacles. This method can offer protection to both large scale and private lands and tree regions.

Benefits and Advantages: This non-chemical device provides lower cost tree protection and treatment against infestation outbreaks with a greater impact on wood-infesting insects. The device is shown not to have a rippling effect on non-target species with natural communities and urban areas.

Case No.: 2010-002

Licensing Status: Available for Licensing