Journal articles and book chapters by Gehring Lab members that
have been published or are in press are listed below with links to the publisher,
when available. Many of these publications are available free of charge through
ResearchGate, a social media platform that allows scientists to share their
publications and findings. Please email
us to request a PDF of any of these publications.
Revillini, D., C.A. Gehring, and N.C. Johnson. The
role of locally adapted mycorrhizas and rhizobacteria in plant-soil feedback
systems. FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY, in press.
Redmond, M.D., P.J. Weisberg, N.C. Cobb, C.A. Gehring, A.V. Whipple, and T.G. Whitham. A robust method to determine historical annual cone
production among slow-growing conifers. FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, in press.
Gehring, C.A, M. Hayer, L. Flores-Rentería, A.L. Krohn, E. Schwartz, and P. Dijkstra.
Cheatgrass invasion alters the abundance and composition of dark septate
fungal communities in sagebrush steppe.
BOTANY, in press.
Busby, P.E., L.J. Lamit, A.R. Keith, G. Newcombe, C.A. Gehring, T.G. Whitham, and R. Dirzo. 2015. Genetics-based interactions among plants, pathogens, and herbivores define arthropod community structure. ECOLOGY 96(7): 1974-1984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/13-2031.1
Lamit, L.J., M.K. Lau, R. Reese Næsborg, T. Wojtowicz, T.G.
Whitham, and C.A. Gehring. 2015. Genotype variation in bark texture drives lichen community assembly across multiple environments. ECOLOGY 96(4) 960-971. DOI: 10.1890/14-1007.1
Lamit, L.J., P.E. Busby, M.K. Lau, Z.G. Compson, T. Wojtowicz, A.R. Keith, M.S. Zinkgraf, J.A. Schweitzer, S.M. Shuster, C.A. Gehring, and T.G. Whitham. 2015. Tree genotype mediates covariance among communities from microbes to lichens and arthropods. JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY 103(4):840-850. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12416
Hultine, K.R, D. W. Bean, T. L. Dudley and C. A. Gehring. 2015. Species introductions and their cascading impacts on biotic interactions in desert riparian ecosystems. INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY 55(4): 587-601. doi: 10.1093/icb/icv019
Smith, D.S., L.J. Lamit, M.K. Lau, C.A. Gehring, S.M. Shuster, and T.G. Whitham. 2015. Introduced elk alter traits of a native plant and its plant-associated arthropod community. ACTA OECOLOGIA 67:8-16. [ResearchGate]
Wojtowicz, T., Z.C. Compson, L.J. Lamit, T.G. Whitham, and C.A. Gehring. 2014. Plant genetic identity of foundation tree species and their hybrids affect a litter-dwelling generalist predator. OECOLOGIA 176(3): 799-810. doi:10.1007/s00442-014-2998-3
Karst, J., M.J. Randall, and C.A. Gehring. 2014. Consequences for ectomycorrhizal fungi of the selective loss or gain of pine across landscapes. BOTANY 92(12):855-865. doi: 10.1139/cjb-2014-0063
Flores-Rentería, L., M.K. Lau, L.J. Lamit, and C.A. Gehring. 2014. An elusive ectomycorrhizal fungus reveals itself: a new species of Geopora (Pyronemataceae) associated with Pinus edulis. MYCOLOGIA 106(3): 553-563.
Gehring, C.A., R.C. Mueller, K.E. Haskins, T.K. Rubow, and T.G.
Whitham. 2014. Convergence in mycorrhizal fungal communities due to drought,plant competition, parasitism and susceptibility to herbivory: consequences for fungi and host plants. FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY 5:306. doi:
Woolbright, S.A., T.G. Whitham, C.A. Gehring, J.K. Bailey, and
G.J. Allan. 2014. Climate relicts and their associated communities as natural ecology and evolution laboratories. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION 29:406-416. [ResearchGate]
Lamit, L.J., M.K. Lau, C.M. Sthultz, S.C. Wooley, T.G.
Whitham, and C.A. Gehring. 2014. Tree genotype and genetically based growth
traits structure twig endophyte communities. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 101:
Gehring, C.A.,B. Ji, S.
Fong, and T.G. Whitham. 2014. Differential feedback effects of arbuscular
mycorrhizal fungi and other root endophytes in a Populus hybrid system. BOTANY 92:287-293.
Gehring, C.A., D. Flores-Rentería, C.M. Sthultz, T.M.
Leonard, L. Flores-Rentería, A.V. Whipple, and T. G. Whitham. 2014. Plant
genetics and interspecific competitive interactions determine ectomycorrhizal
fungal community responses to climate change. MOLECULAR ECOLOGY 23: 1379-1391.
Fischer, D.G., S.K. Chapman, A.T. Classen, C.A. Gehring, K.C. Grady, J.A Schweitzer, and T.G. Whitham. 2014. Plant genetic effects on soils under climate change. PLANT AND SOIL 379(1): 1-19.
Ji, B., C.A. Gehring, G.W.T. Wilson, R.M. Miller, L.
Flores-Rentería, and N.C. Johnson. 2013. Patterns of diversity and adaptation
in Glomeromycota from three prairie grasslands. MOLECULAR ECOLOGY 22:2573-2587
Owen, S.M., C.H. Sieg, N.C. Johnson, and C. A. Gehring.
2013. Exotic cheatgrass and loss of soil biota decrease the performance of a
native grass. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 15:2503-2517.
Kurth, V. J., N. Fransioli, P.Z. Fulé, S.C. Hart and C.A.
Gehring. 2013. Stand-replacing wildfires alter the community structure of
wood-inhabiting fungi in southwestern ponderosa pine forests of the U.S. FUNGAL
ECOLOGY 6: 192-204.
Krohn, A., L.H. Flores-Rentería, and C. A. Gehring. 2013.
Microsatellite primers in the foundation tree species Pinus edulis and Pinus
monophylla. APPLICATIONS IN PLANT SCIENCES 1 (8) 2013. DOI:
Flores-Rentería, L., F. Molina-Freaner, A.V. Whipple, C.A.
Gehring, and C.A. Dominguez. 2013. Sexual stability in the nearly dioecious Pinus johannis. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF
BOTANY 100: 602-612.
Meinhardt, K.A., and C.A. Gehring. 2013. Tamarix and soil ecology. For “Tamarix:
A Case Study of Ecological Change in the American West”, A. Sher and M.
Quigley, editors, Oxford University Press, 512 pages.
Liu, C.M., S. Kachur, M.G. Dwan, A.G. Abraham, M. Aziz, P-R.
Hsueh, H. Yu-Tsung, J.D. Busch, L.J. Lamit, C.A. Gehring, P. Keim, and L.B.
Price. 2012. FungiQuant: A broad-coverage fungal quantitative real-time PCR
assay. BMC MICROBIOLOGY 12:255-261.
Whitham, T.G., C.A. Gehring, L.J. Lamit, T. Wojtowicz, L.M.
Evans, A.R. Keith, D.S. Smith. 2012. Community specificity: the life and
afterlife effects of genes. TRENDS IN PLANT SCIENCE 17:271-281.
Meinhardt, K.A., and C.A. Gehring. 2012. Disrupting
mycorrhizal mutualisms: a potential mechanism by which exotic tamarisk
outcompetes native cottonwoods. ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS 22:532-549.
Lamit, L.J., and C.A. Gehring. 2012. Dynamic interplay in a
multivariate world: case studies in mycorrhizal and endophytic fungal
interactions with herbivores. Pages 185-204, In: Biocomplexity of Plant-Fungal
Interactions, D. Southworth (ed), John Wiley & Sons.
Theimer, T.C., C. A. Gehring, P.T. Green, and J.H. Connell. 2011.
Terrestrial vertebrates alter seedling composition and richness but not
diversity in an Australian tropical rain forest. ECOLOGY 92(8):1637-1647.
Owen, S.M., C.H. Sieg, and C.A. Gehring. 2011. Seeding with
native shrubs and the use of Imazapic herbicide on grazing lands affected by
cheatgrass invasion. INVASIVE PLANT SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT JOURNAL 4:223-233.
Lamit, L.J., T. Wojtowicz, Z. Kovacs, S.C. Wooley, M. Zinkgraf,
T.G. Whitham, R.L. Lindroth, and C.A. Gehring. 2011. Hybridization among
foundation species influences the structure of associated understory plant
communities. BOTANY 89:165-174.
Gordon, G.J., and C.A. Gehring. 2011. Molecular characterization
of pezizalean ectomycorrhizas associated with pinyon pine during drought. MYCORRHIZA
21:431-441. DOI 10.1007/s00572-010-0349-8
Lamit, L.J., M.A. Bowker, L.M. Holeski, R. Reese Næsborg, S.C.
Wooley, M. Zinkgraf, T.G. Whitham, R.L. Lindroth, and C.A. Gehring. 2011. Genetically-based
trait variation within a foundation tree species influences a dominant bark
lichen. FUNGAL ECOLOGY 4:103-109.
Stone, A.C., C.A. Gehring, and T. G. Whitham. 2010. Drought
negatively affects communities on a foundation tree: growth rings predict
diversity. OECOLOGIA 164:751-761. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-010-1684-3
Whitham, T. G., C.A. Gehring, L.M. Evans, C.J. LeRoy, R.K.
Bangert, J.A. Schweitzer, G.J. Allan, R.C. Barbour, D.G. Fischer, B.M. Potts,
and J.K. Bailey. A Community & Ecosystem Genetics Approach to Conservation
Biology and Management. 2010. Pages 50-73. In: Molecular Approaches in Natural
Resource Conservation and Management. J.A. DeWoody, J.W. Bickham, C. Michler,
K. Nichols, O.E. Rhodes, and K. Woeste (eds), Cambridge University Press.
Arnold, A.E., L.J. Lamit, M.I. Bidartondo, C.A. Gehring, and
H. Callahan. 2010. Forum: Interwoven branches of the plant and fungal trees of
life. NEW PHYTOLOGIST 185:847-848.
Murray, T.R., D.A. Frank, and C.A. Gehring. 2010. Ungulate
and topographic control of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spore community
composition in a temperate grassland. ECOLOGY 91(3):815-827
Hoeksema, J.D., V.B. Chaudhary, C. Gehring, N.C. Johnson, J.
Karst, R. Koide, A. Pringle, C. Zabinski, J.D. Bever, J. Moore, G. Wilson, J.
Klironomos, and J. Umbanhowar. 2010. A meta-analysis of context-dependency in
plant response to inoculation with mycorrhizal fungi. ECOLOGY LETTERS
Sthultz, C.M., T.G. Whitham, K.J. Kennedy, R. Deckert, and
C.A. Gehring. 2009. Genetically-based susceptibility to herbivory influences
the ectomycorrhizal fungal communities of a foundation tree species. NEW
Owen, S.M., C.H. Sieg, C.A. Gehring, and M.A. Bowker. 2009. Above-
and belowground responses to tree thinning depend on the fate of tree debris. FOREST
ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT 259:71–80.
Sthultz, C.M., C.A. Gehring, and T.G. Whitham. 2009. Deadly
combination of genes and drought: Increased mortality of herbivore-resistant
trees in a foundation species. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 15: 949-961.
Gehring, C. A., A.E. Bennett. 2009. Invited Review. Mycorrhizal
fungal-plant-insect interactions: the importance of a community approach. ENVIRONMENTAL
Hubert, N.A., and C.A. Gehring. 2008. Neighboring trees
affect ectomycorrhizal community composition in a woodland-forest ecotone. MYCORRHIZA,
Selmants, P.C., S.C. Hart, S.I. Boyle, C.A. Gehring, and B.A.
Hungate. 2008. Restoration of a ponderosa pine forest increases soil CO2 efflux
more than either water or nitrogen additions. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY
Theimer, T., and C. Gehring. 2008. Variation in tree
seedling and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spore responses to the exclusion of
terrestrial vertebrates: Implications for how vertebrates structure tropical
communities. Pages 294-307 in: Tropical Forest Community Ecology, W. Carson and
S. Schnitzer, editors, Blackwell Publishing.
Hungate, B.A., S.C. Hart, P.C. Selmants, S.I. Boyle, and C.A.
Gehring. 2007. Soil responses to thinning and burning, increased precipitation,
and nitrogen amendment in ponderosa pine forests. ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS
Theimer, T.C., and C.A. Gehring. 2007. Mycorrhizal plants
and vertebrate seed and spore dispersal: incorporating mycorrhizas into the
seed dispersal paradigm. Pages 463-478. In: Frugivory and Seed Dispersal in a
Changing World. A. Dennis, D. Westcott and E. Schupp, eds. CABI Publishing.
Johnson, N.C., and C.A. Gehring. 2007. Mycorrhizas: Symbiotic
mediators of rhizosphere and ecosystem processes. Pages 73-100, in: The
Rhizosphere: An Ecological Perspective. Z. Cardon and J. Whitbeck, eds. Academic
Press, New York.
Sthultz, C.M., C.A. Gehring, and T.G. Whitham. 2007. Shifts
from competition to facilitation between a foundation tree and a pioneer shrub
across spatial and temporal scales in a semi-arid woodland. NEW PHYTOLOGIST,
173:135-145. NEW PHYTOLOGIST 173:3-6
Johnson, N.C., J.D. Hoeksema, J.D. Bever, V.B. Chaudhary, C.
Gehring, J. Klironomos, R. Koide, R.M. Miller, J. Moore, P. Moutoglis, M.
Schwartz, S. Simard, W. Swenson, J. Umbanhowar, G. Wilson, and C. Zabinski. 2006.
From Lilliput to Brobdingnag: Extending Models of Mycorrhizal Function across
Scales. BIOSCIENCE 56(11):889-900.
Gehring, C.A., R.C. Mueller, and T.G. Whitham. 2006. Environmental
and genetic effects on the formation of ectomycorrhizal and arbuscular
mycorrhizal associations in cottonwoods. OECOLOGIA 149:158-164.
Whitham, T.G., J.K. Bailey, J.A. Schweitzer, S.M. Shuster,
R.K. Bangert, C.J. LeRoy, E.V. Lonsdorf, G.J. Allan, S.P. DiFazio, B.M. Potts,
D.G. Fischer, C.A. Gehring, R.L. Lindroth, J.C. Marks, S.C. Hart, G.M., Wimp, and
S.C. Wooley. 2006. A framework for community and ecosystem genetics: from genes
to ecosystems. NATURE REVIEWS GENETICS 7:510-523.
McHugh, T.A. and C.A. Gehring. 2006. Belowground
interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal shrubs decrease the performance of
pinyon pine and the abundance of its ectomycorrhizas. NEW PHYTOLOGIST
Schwartz, M.W., J.D. Hoeksema, C.A. Gehring, N.C. Johnson,
J.N. Klironomos, L.K. Abbot, and A. Pringle. 2006. The promise and potential
consequences of the global transport of mycorrhizal fungal inoculum. ECOLOGY
Hart, S.C., C.A. Gehring, P.C. Selmants, and R.J. Deckert. 2006.
Carbon and nitrogen elemental and isotopic patterns in macrofungal sporocarps
and trees in semi-arid forests of the southwestern United States. FUNCTIONAL
Gehring, C.A., and J.H. Connell. 2006. The occurrence and
potential importance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in tree seedlings of two
Australian rainforests. MYCORRHIZA 16:89-98.
Mueller, R.C., and C.A. Gehring. 2006. Interactions between
dwarf mistletoe infection and ectomycorrhizas of pinyon pine. JOURNAL OF
Mueller, R.C., T. Martinez, C.M. Sthultz, C.A. Gehring, and
T.G. Whitham. 2005. The relationship between stem-galling wasps and the
mycorrhizal colonization of Quercus
turbinella. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 83:1349-1353.
Mueller, R.C., C.M. Scudder, M.E. Porter, R.T Trotter, III,
C.A. Gehring, and T.G. Whitham. 2005. Differential mortality in
response to severe drought: implications for long-term vegetation shifts. JOURNAL
OF ECOLOGY 93:1085-1093.
Haskins, K.E., and C.A. Gehring. 2005. Evidence for
mutualist limitation: the impacts of conspecific density on the mycorrhizal
inoculum potential of woodland soils. OECOLOGIA 145:123-131.
Mueller, R.C., B.D. Wade, C.A. Gehring, and T.G. Whitham. 2005.
Chronic herbivory negatively impacts cone and seed production, seed quality and
seedling growth of susceptible pinyon pines. OECOLOGIA 143:558-565.
Bailey, J.K., R. Deckert, J.A. Schweitzer, B.J. Rehill, R.L.
Lindroth, C.A. Gehring, and T.G. Whitham. 2005. Host plant genetics affect
hidden ecological players: links among Populus,
condensed tannins, and fungal endophyte infection. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY
Whitham, T.G., E. Lonsdorf, J.A. Schweitzer, J.K. Bailey,
D.G. Fischer, S.M. Shuster, R.L. Lindroth, S.C. Hart, G.J. Allan, C.A. Gehring,
P. Keim, B.M. Potts, J. Marks, B.J. Rehill, S.P. DiFazio, C.J. LeRoy, G.M.
Wimp, and S. Woolbright. 2005. “All effects of a gene on the world”: Extended
phenotypes, feedbacks and multi-level selection. ECOSCIENCE 12:5-7.
Connell, J. H., I. Debski, C. A. Gehring, L. Goldwasser, P.
T. Green, K. E. Harms, P. Juniper, and T. C. Theimer. 2005. Dynamics of
seedling recruitment in an Australian tropical rainforest. Pages 486-506 in E.
Bermingham, C. W. Dick, and C. Moritz (editors). Tropical Rain Forests: Past,
Present and Future, University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London. 1004 pages
Haskins, K.E. and C. A. Gehring. 2004. Interactions with
juniper alter the abundance and composition of pinyon pine ectomycorrhizal
fungal communities. ECOLOGY 85:2687-2692.
Gehring, C. A. 2004. Seed reserves and light intensity
affect the growth and mycorrhizal development of the seedlings of an Australian
rain forest tree. JOURNAL OF TROPICAL ECOLOGY 20:345-349.
Swaty, R.L., R.J. Deckert, T.G. Whitham and C.A. Gehring.
2004. Ectomycorrhizal abundance and community composition shifts with drought: predictions
from tree rings. ECOLOGY 85:1072-1084.
Haskins, K.E. and C.A. Gehring. 2004. Effects of burning
slash on understory plant communities and arbuscular mycorrhizae in a semi-arid
woodland. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY 41:379-388.
Frank, D.A., Gehring, C.A., Machut, L. and M. Philips. 2003.
Soil community composition and the regulation of grazed temperate grassland. OECOLOGIA
Kuske, C.R., Ticknor, L.O., Busch, J.D., Gehring, C.A., and
T. G. Whitham. 2003. The pinyon rhizosphere, plant stress and herbivory affect
the abundance of microbial decomposers in soils. MICROBIAL ECOLOGY 45:340-352.
Gehring, C.A. 2003. Growth responses to arbuscular
mycorrhizae by rain forest seedlings vary with light intensity and tree
species. PLANT ECOLOGY 167:127-139.
Whitham, T.G., Young, W.P., Martinsen, G.D., Gehring, C.A.,
Schweitzer, J.A., Shuster, S.M., Wimp, G.M., Fischer, D.G., Bailey, J.K.,
Lindroth, R.L, Woolbright, S. and C.R. Kuske. 2003. Community and ecosystem
genetics: consequences of the extended phenotype. ECOLOGY 84:559-573.
Gehring, C.A., J.E. Wolf, and T.C. Theimer. 2002. Terrestrial
vertebrates promote arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and inoculum
potential in a rain forest soil. ECOLOGY LETTERS 5:540-548.
Gehring, C.A. and T. G. Whitham. 2002. Mycorrhiza-Herbivore
Interactions: Population and Community Consequences. In M. van der Heijden and
I. Sanders, eds. Mycorrhizal Ecology, ECOLOGICAL STUDIES 157:295-320.
Brown, J. H., T. G. Whitham, S. K. Morgan Ernest, and C. A.
Gehring. 2001. Complex species interactions and the dynamics of ecological
systems: long-term experiments. SCIENCE 293:643-649.
Theimer, T.C. and C.A. Gehring. 1999. Effects of a
litter-disturbing bird species on tree seedling germination and survival in an
Australian tropical rain forest. JOURNAL OF TROPICAL ECOLOGY 15:737-749.
Gehring, C.A., T.C. Theimer, T.G. Whitham and P. Keim. 1998.
Ectomycorrhizal fungal community structure of pinyon pines growing in two
environmental extremes. ECOLOGY 79:1562-1572.
Swaty, R.S., C.A. Gehring, M. VanErt, T.C. Theimer, P. Keim
and T.G. Whitham. 1998. Temporal variation in temperature and rainfall
predicts ectomycorrhizal colonization at two sites varying in soil nutrients
and moisture. NEW PHYTOLOGIST 139:733-739.
Gehring, C.A., N.S. Cobb, and T.G. Whitham. 1997. Three-way
interactions among ectomycorrhizal mutualists, scale insects and resistant and
susceptible pinyon pines. AMERICAN NATURALIST 149:824-841.
Cobb, N.S., S. Mopper, C.A. Gehring, M. Caouette, K.M.
Christensen and T.G. Whitham. 1997. Increased moth herbivory associated with
environmental stress of pinyon pine at local and regional levels. OECOLOGIA
Gehring, C.A., and T.G. Whitham. 1995. Duration of
herbivore removal and environmental stress affect the ectomycorrhizae of pinyon
pine. ECOLOGY 76:2118-2123.
Gehring, C.A., and T.G. Whitham. 1995. Environmental
stress influences aboveground pest attack and mycorrhizal mutualism in
pinyon-juniper woodlands: implications for management in the event of global
warming, Pages 30-37 in: Desired future conditions for pinyon-juniper
ecosystems (D. W. Shaw, E. F. Aldon, and C. LoSapio, eds.). USDA Forest
Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Expt. Station, GTR RM-258.
Gehring, C.A., and T.G. Whitham. 1994. Comparisons of
ectomycorrhizae on pinyon pines, Pinus
edulis (Pinaceae), across extremes of soil type and herbivory. AMERICAN
JOURNAL OF BOTANY 81:1509-1516.
Gehring, C.A., and T.G. Whitham. 1994. Interactions
between aboveground herbivores and the mycorrhizal mutualists of plants. TRENDS
IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION 9:251-255.
Del Vecchio, T.A., C.A. Gehring, N.S. Cobb, and T.G.
Whitham. 1993. Negative effects of scale insect (Matsucoccus acalyptus) herbivory on the ectomycorrhizae of pinyon
pine (Pinus edulis). ECOLOGY
Gehring, C.A., and T.G. Whitham. 1992. Reduced mycorrhizae
on Juniperus monosperma with
mistletoe: the influence of environmental stress and tree gender on a plant
parasite and a plant-fungal mutualism. OECOLOGIA 89:298-303.
Gehring, C.A., and T.G. Whitham. 1991. Herbivore-driven
mycorrhizal mutualism in insect-susceptible pinyon pine. NATURE 353:556-557.