Christopher Schwalm



Ph.D. Natural Resources Science and Management, 2003, University of Minnesota

M.S. Forest Conservation, 1997, University of Montana

B.A. German, 1992, Cleveland State University


Contact Information:

               Office Location: Physical Sciences 121

               Phone: 928-523-8413     


               Personal Web Site: N/A

Research Interests:

Land-atmosphere interactions at canopy to global scales; ecological/ecosystem modeling; interface between society and environmental systems relative to global environmental change; climate and ecological extremes; data mining in biogeosciences; climate change in popular culture




Schwalm CR, Huntzinger DN, Michalak AM, Fisher JB, Kimball JS, Mueller B, Zhang K, Zhang Y (2013) Sensitivity of inferred climate model skill to evaluation decisions: A case study using CMIP5 evapotranspiration. Environ. Res. Lett., 8, 024028, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/024028.

Schwalm CR, Williams CA, Schaefer K, Baldocchi D, Black TA,  Goldstein AH, Law BE, Oechel WC, Paw U KT, Scott RL (2012) Reduction in carbon uptake during turn of the century drought in western North America. Nature Geosci., 5, 551-556, doi:10.1038/ngeo1529.

Schaefer KM, Schwalm CR, Williams CA. et al. (2012) A model-data comparison of gross primary productivity: Results from the North American Carbon Program site synthesis. J. Geophys. Res., 117, G03010, doi:10.1029/2012JG001960.

Williams CA, Reichstein M, Buchmann N, Baldocchi D, Beer C, Schwalm CR, Wohlfahrt G, Hasler N, Bernhofer C, Foken T, Papale D, Schymanski S, Schaefer K (2012) Climate and vegetation controls on the surface water balance: Synthesis of evapotranspiration measured across a global network of flux towers. Water Resour. Res., 48, W06523, doi:10.1029/2011WR011586.

Luo YQ, Randerson J, Abramowitz G, Bacour C, Blyth E, Carvalhais N, Ciais P, Dalmonech D, Fisher J, Fisher R, Friedlingstein P, Hibbard K, Hoffman F, Huntzinger D, Jones CD, Koven C, Lawrence D, Li DJ, Mahecha M, Niu SL, Norby R, Piao SL, Qi X, Peylin P, Prentice IC, Riley W, Reichstein M, Schwalm CR, Wang YP, Xia JY, Zaehle S, Zhou XH (2012) A framework of benchmarking land models. Biogeosciences Discuss., 9, 1899-1944, doi:10.5194/bgd-9-1899-2012.

Schwalm CR, Williams CA, Schaefer KM (2011) Carbon consequences of global hydrologic change, 1948–2009. J. Geophys. Res., 116, G03042, doi:10.1029/2011JG001674.

Schwalm CR, Williams CA, Schaefer K, Baker I, Collatz GJ, Rödenbeck C (2011) Does terrestrial drought explain global CO2 flux anomalies induced by El Niño? Biogeosciences., 8, 1-14, doi:10.5194/bg-8-1-2011.

Schwalm CR, Williams CA, Schaefer K, Anderson, R, Arain MA, Baker I, Barr A, Black TA, Chen GS, Chen JM, Ciais P, Davis KJ, Desai A, Dietze M, Dragoni D, Fischer ML, Flanagan LB, Grant R, Gu LH, Hollinger D, Izaurralde RC, Kucharik C, Lafleur P, Law BE, Li H, Li ZP, Liu SG, Lokupitiya E, Luo YQ, Ma SY, Margolis H, Matamala R, McCaughey H, Monson RK, Oechel WC, Peng CH, Poulter B, Price DT, Ricciuto DM, Riley W, Sahoo AK, Sprintsin M, Sun JF, Tian HQ, Tonitto C, Verbeeck H, Verma SB (2010) A model-data intercomparison of CO2 exchange across North America: Results from the North American Carbon Program site synthesis. J. Geophys. Res., 115, G00H05, doi:10.1029/2009JG001229.

Schwalm CR, Williams CA, Schaefer K, Arneth A, Bonal D, Buchmann N, Chen J, Law BE, Lindroth A, Luyssaert S, Reichstein M, Richardson A(2009) Assimilation exceeds respiration sensitivity to drought: A FLUXNET synthesis. Global Change Biology, 16, 657-670.

Fullpublication list available on Google Scholar