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Bowker, Matthew A. 2007. Biological Soil Crust Rehabilitation in Theory and Practice:An Underexploited Opportunity Restoration Ecology 15(1): 13-23.


Bowker, M.A., Belnap, J., Davidson, D.W., and H. Goldstein. 2006. Correlates of biological soil crust distribution across acontinuum of spatial scales: support for a hierarchical conceptual model. Journal of Applied Ecology 43: 152-163.

Bowker, M.A., Belnap, J., and M. E. Miller. 2006. Spatial Modeling of Biological Soil Crusts to SupportRangeland Assessment and Monitoring. Rangeland Ecology and Management 59: 519-529.

Gitlin, A.R., Stchultz, C.M., Bowker, M.A., Stumpf, S., Paxton, K.L., Kennedy, K., Munoz, A., Bailey, J.K., and Whitham, T.G. 2006. Mortality Gradients within and among Dominant PlantPopulations as Barometers of Ecosystem Change During Extreme Drought. Conservation Biology 20: 1477-1486.

Johnson N.C. and Gehring, C.A. 2006. Mycorrhizas: Symbiotic mediators of rhizosphere and ecosystem processes. In: Z. Cardon and J. Whitbeck (editors).The Rhizosphere: an Ecological Perspective. Academic Press (in press).

Johnson, N.C., Hoeksema, J.D., Bever, J.D., Chaudhary, V.B., Ghering, C., Klironomos, J., Koide, R., Miller, R.M., Moore, J., Moutoglis, P., Schwartz, M., Simard, S., Swenson, W., Umbanhowar, J., Wilson, G., and Zabinski, C. 2006. From Lilliput to Brobdingnag: Extending Models ofMycorrhizal Function across Scales. BioScience 56(11):889-900.

Schwartz, M.W., Hoeksema, J.D., Gehring, C.A., Johnson, N.C., Klironomos, J.N., Abbott, L.K., Pringle, A. 2006. The promise and the potential consequences of the globaltransport of mycorrhizal inoculum. Ecology Letters 9:501-515.


Bowker, M.A., Belnap, J., Davidson, D.W., and S.L. Phillips. 2005. Evidence for micronutrient limitation of biological soilcrusts: potential to impact aridlands restoration. Ecological Applications 15: 1941-1951.

Evans, G., Evans, J., Redman, A., Johnson, N.C., Foust, R.D. Jr. 2005. Unexpected beneficial effects of arsenic on corn rootsgrown in culture. Environmental Chemistry 2:167-170

Johnson, N.C., Wolf, J., Reyes, M.A., Panter, A., Koch, G.W., and Redman, A. 2005. Species of plants and associated arbsucular mycorrhizalfungi mediate mycorrhizal responses to CO2 enrichment. Global Change Biology 11:1156-1166.

Langley, J.A., Johnson, N.C., and Koch, G.W. 2005. Mycorrhizal status influences the rate but not thetemperature sensitivity of soil respiration. Plant & Soil 277:335-344.

Olsson, P.A., and Johnson, N.C. 2005. Tracking carbon from the atmosphere to the rhizosphere. Ecology Letters 8:1264-1270


Bowker, M.A., Belnap, J., Rosentreter, R., and Graham, B. 2004. Wildfire-resistant biological soil crusts and fire-inducedloss of soil stability in Palouse prairies, USA. Applied Soil Ecology 26:41-52.

Korb, J. E., Johnson, N.C., and Covington, W.W. 2004. Slash pile burning effects in restoration areas.RestorationEcology. 12(1): 52-62.


Johnson, N.C., Rowland, D.L., Corkidi, L., Egerton-Warburton, L.M., and Allen, E.B. 2003. Nitrogen enrichment alters mycorrhizal allocation at fivemesic to semiarid grasslands. Ecology 84(7):1895-1908.

Korb, J.E., Johnson, N.C., and Covington, W.W. 2003. Arbuscular mycorrhizal propagule densities respond rapidlyto ponderosa pine restoration treatments. Journal of Applied Ecology 40:101-110.

Wolf, J., Johnson, N.C., Rowland, D.L., and Reich, P.B. 2003. Elevated CO2 and plant species richness impact arbuscularmycorrhizal fungal spore communities. New Phytologist 157:579-588.

Johnson, N.C., Wolf, J., and Koch, G.W. 2003. Interactions among mycorrhizae, atmospheric CO2 and soil Nimpact plant community composition. Ecology Letters 6:532-540.


Bowker, M.A., Reed, S.C., Belnap, J., and Phillips, S.L. 2002. Temporal variation in acommunity composition, pigmentation,and Fv/Fm of desert cyanobacterial soil crusts. Microbial Ecology 43:13-25.

Davidson, D.W., Bowker, M.A., George, D., Phillips, S.L., and Belnap, J. 2002. Treatment effects on performance of N-fixing lichens indisturbed soil crusts of the Colorado Plateau. Ecological Applications 12(5):1391-1405.


Bowker, M.A., Stark, L.R., McLetchie, D.N., and Mishler, B.D. 2000. Sex espression, skewed sex ratios, and microhabitatdistrubtion in the dioecious desert moss Syntrichiacaninervis (Pottiaceae). American J. Botany 87(4):517-526.


Johnson, N.C. 1998. Responses of Salsola kali and Panicum virgatum tomycorrhzial fungi, phosphorus and soil organic matter: implications forreclamation. J. Applied Ecology 35:86-94.


Johnson, N.C., Graham, J.H., and Smith, F.A. 1997. Functioning of mycorrhizal associations along themutualism-parasitism continuum. New Phytologist 135:575-585.

Johnson, N.C. and D.A. Wedin. 1997. Soil carbon, nutrients, and mycorrhizae during conversionof dry tropical forest to grassland. Ecological Applications 7(1):171-182.


Johnson, N.C. 1993. Can fertilization of soil select less mutualisticmycorrhizae? Ecological Applications 3(4):749-757.


Johnson, N.C., D. Tilman, D. Wedin. 1992. Plant and soil controls on mycorrhizal fungal communities. Ecology 73(6):2034-2042.