In selecting your manuscript option, you should do so in
careful consultation with your graduate committee members. In fact, the type of
internship manuscript you are planning to write should influence not only your
placement within the agency, but also the decision about who will be serving on
your graduate committee. You will want to enlist members according to their
expertise in the various areas.
It is extremely important to work closely with your graduate
committee during all phases of your work on the paper. You should submit each
part of the manuscript to your committee as it is completed, so they can have
input at each stage of the paper's development and provide continuity in
the writing of the final draft.
All internship manuscripts should be of thesis quality
and require the incorporation of sociological literature. The
following should serve as a guide for organizing the paper you have
selected. There are three options:
- program evaluation
- grant proposal
- research report
Option 1: The program evaluation
This section should be a socio-historical account of how
agencies such as the one you are evaluating came into existence. For
example, "What were the social forces at work that led to the emergence of
this type of agency in society and what specific factors led to the
establishment of this particular agency?" An in-depth development of
these points will constitute the major portion of this section of the
You should discuss the overall mission of the specific
agency in which you are placed as well as the specific goals that agency has
established for itself. After presenting this information, you can then
delineate the specific aspect of the agency you are planning to evaluate.
This is the equivalent of "Statement of the Problem" and
"Literature Review" components of the traditional research process.
This section of the manuscript deals with the
methodological design and techniques you plan to employ in your evaluation of
the agency. This is basically the "Research Design" aspect of
the study. Points of focus would include "What type of study are you
conducting?", "What are your sampling techniques?" and "How
are you collecting and measuring the data?"
This phase of the paper specifically discusses all the
methodological aspects of the study as well as presenting measurement
techniques to be used in collecting and analyzing the data. As this is a
proposal for a program evaluation, you do not have to actually collect and
analyze the data, but you do have to present the information that would be
required in a research project up to this point.
In addition, you may further specify a program evaluation in
one of two ways by doing a Needs Assessment or an Organizational
A. The Needs Assessment
The needs assessment has three basic components. The
sociological relevance could be integrated here.
First, you describe to the reader what, in general, a needs
assessment is and why it is needed in today's society.
Next, you are to present a literature review of previous
needs assessment studies conducted in agencies or settings similar to yours and
discuss their relevance in planning your needs assessment study.
Then, focusing on the agency in which you are placed, begin
to elaborate upon the specific needs assessment study you are going to
conduct. You should address questions such as, "What needs of the
agency or its environment are you going to assess?" (Client needs,
staff needs, community needs, etc?) This is actually "Statement of
Once you have decided what you are going to do, you will now
discuss all of the methodological procedures you will follow in order to
complete your assessment (sampling techniques, type of design, instruments used
for data collection, etc.)
The final phase of the manuscript consists of the
presentation and analysis of the data. Included in this section is a
discussion of the implications of your findings. The above three
components of the paper will constitute the final manuscript that you will
submit to your committee.
B. The Organizational
In this subset of the Program Evaluation, you will
present an overview of the various theories dealing with social
organization. After presenting this overview, you may then focus upon the
particular aspect of organizational theory that you are going to examine in
relation to the agency in which you are serving as an intern. This is the
"Statement of the Problem."
Next, you are to discuss the methodology to be followed
in your collecting and analyzing the data. Specifically, "How will I
operationalize the conceptual aspects of the theory in order to test the validity
of the theory?"; "What specific research design will I employ in my
study?" and "How is the data to be collected and analyzed?" are
among the questions that must be addressed.
The final phase of the manuscript is the presentation of
your findings and the implications of your findings relative to your original
research question and the overall body of organizational theory.
Option 2: The grant proposal
Many agencies today are either funded, or their budgets are
supplemented, by external sources. The written phase of this internship
option consists of your completing and submitting a grant which proposes
funding for some aspect (personnel, equipment, etc.) of the agency.
Of course, the specific content of this paper will be
dictated by the documentation required by the funding source. At a
minimum, these sources usually require a:
- rationale for the request
- plan for
- proposed budget
- plan for
evaluating the effect of the funded program
An additional sociological analysis of the agency's role and
needs will be a required component for this option.
Option 3: The research report
In this option, the work assigned to you in your internship
would require you to conduct a specific research project for the agency or
organization. The proposal you develop for the research project will
become the first draft of this paper.
In this proposal, you should clearly outline the specific
details of the research question you are investigating and the methodological
procedures you will follow in collecting and analyzing the data. The
final paper will be a substantial research report that consists of the contents
your original proposal as well as the presentation and analysis of the
data. Furthermore, the report will be contextualized through a review of
relevant sociological literature.
Writing and formatting tips
The department expects the internship manuscript to be
completed in a similar manner to the thesis. Therefore, the internship
manuscript should follow the Graduate College's requirements for thesis
Format checklist for theses and dissertations
Sample cover sheet/title page
You may elect to bind your internship
manuscript through the university’s Printing
Services department. There are several low-cost, soft-cover binding
Internship Manuscript Examples
Past internship manuscripts are available for review/checkout.
Please see the front desk for details.