Web accessibility for everyone
Yes, web content is important, but even more important is
reaching everyone with your content.
That is what accessibility means: every person, no matter what
disabilities or restrictions they have, can navigate and understand your content
on the web.
Follow these steps to successfully make your site accessible
1. User Requirements Analysis
- Include Persons With Disabilities (PWD) among your personas
- Identify their functional and practical needs
2. Conceptual Design
- Include PWD functional and practical needs
- Follow “Practical Accessibility Guidelines”
- Conduct a simple accessibility evaluation
3. Design &
- Use accessibility prompts in your web editor
- Conduct a comprehensive accessibility evaluation
4. Usability Evaluation
- Include PWD in user testing
5. Launch & Maintenance
- Review additions and revisions for accessibility
- Repair problems
- helps those with visual/hearing impairments to
be able to use websites as easily as any other person.
- provides accurate descriptions of photos and
close captioning videos helps everyone enjoy all elements of a website.
- is not just about those that are visually
impaired but also for general users. Choosing fonts that are easy to read helps
all users understand and navigate a site easily.
Especially with the advent of the smart phones and the iPad,
another audience to keep in mind is your mobile readers.
Content for the increasing amount of mobile users should be
focused on the essentials.
Research has proven it’s 108 percent harder to understand
information when reading from a mobile screen so take the following into
consideration when creating content:
- Attention spans for mobile user are
extremely short and scanning is even more important.
- Emphasize nanocontent so that the first two words in headlines and links are concise.
- Limit navigation options since content is
isolated from other content.
- Load time on mobile devices is slow so
reduce elements like images, flash, and content only accessible through
Find more information on mobile usability in this study.