A Full Cost Accounting of the 2010 Schultz Fire
The Schultz Fire of 2010 burned just over 15,000 forested acres and caused the evacuation of hundreds of homes. Heavy ﬂoods followed the ﬁre, resulting in extensive damage to property downstream from the charred hillsides. Nearly three years later, seasonal ﬂooding is still a concern and residents continue to live under the threat of swift ﬂoodwaters that may carve unanticipated pathways through their sloping neighborhoods.
Ofﬁcial reports form city, county, state, and federal governments have listed response and mitigation costs of the ﬁre and ﬂood at nearly $60 million. This study adds to those costs, exploring the impacts on private property owners, as well as societal costs that are often overlooked when quantifying the full impact of disasters.
Through analysis of Coconino County Assessor’s records, a survey of residents in the ﬁre/ﬂood impact area, and the perceived value of both endangered species habitat and human life, this study conservatively estimates the total impact of the Schultz Fire at between $133 million and $147 million. The major costs and drivers explored are the following:
- Loss in personal wealth due to reduced property values: $59,353,523
- Official expenditures of government agencies and utilities: $59,104,394
- Destruction of habitat: $400,000–$14,200,000
- Loss of life: $6,000,000
- Structural damage: $3,097,978
- Cleanup: $1,825,127
- Unpaid labor: $1,516,103
- Armoring against flooding: $823,100
- Fire evacuation costs: $223,572
- Flood Insurance Premiums: $198,034
The total impact is considered conservative because it excludes measures such as volunteer work by nonproﬁts; destruction of recreation areas, timber, and archaeological sites; physical and mental health costs; the degraded viewshed (beyond effects on property values); and the long-term impacts to the region’s amenity-based economy.
In addition to the cost accounting, this study examines some non-financial impacts as reported by the survey responses. The mental, physical, and ﬁnancial tolls taken on residents of the ﬂood area are immeasurable.
This study was performed by the Alliance Bank Business Outreach Center at Northern Arizona University’s W.A. Franke College of Business upon the request of the Ecological Restoration Institute. Invaluable support was provided by many in northern Arizona, including Coconino County staff and the many area residents who offered their personal stories.