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Northern Arizona University
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Northern Arizona University
Blg 23 Rm #316
Speech Production & Perception
L2 Pronunciation & Intelligibility
L2 Oral Assessment and Testing
Automated Scoring & Speech Recognition
Language Learning Outcome Assessment
Second Language Acquisition
Ph.D., 2008. University of Georgia, Athens, GA
M.A., 2003, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Selected Recent Publications
Kang, O. (invited). Enhancing communication between undergraduate students and International teaching assistants. Studies in Graduate and Professional Student Development.
Kang, O., & Wang, L. (accepted). Linguistic features distinguishing examinees’ speaking performances at different proficiency levels. Language Testing.
Kang, O. (invited, accepted). Narrative review: The effectiveness of L2 pronunciation instruction. Applied Linguistics.
Kang, O., & Moran, M. (in press). Pronunciation features in non-native speakers’ oral performances. TESOL Quarterly.
Tracey, D., Fraser, H., Kang, O., & Thompson, R. (forthcoming). Accent and ethics: Issues that merit attention. In A. Mahboob and L. Barratt (Eds.), English in a multilingual context.
Kang, O., & Rubin, D. (in press). Reverse linguistic stereotyping. In J. Levis and A. Moyer (Eds.), Social influence in L2 pronunciation: Trends in Applied Linguistics.
Kang, O. (2013). Linguistic analysis of speaking features distinguishing general English exams at CEFR levels B1 to C2 and examinee L1 backgrounds. Research Notes, 52, 40-48.
Kang, O., & Pickering, L. (2013). Using acoustic and temporal analysis for assessing speaking. In A. Kunnan (Ed.), Companion to Language Assessment (pp.1047-1062). Wiley-Blackwell.
Kang, O. (2012). Impact of rater characteristics on ratings of international teaching assistants’ oral performance. Language Assessment Quarterly, 9, 249-269.
Kang, O, & Rubin, D. (2012). Intra-rater reliability of oral proficiency ratings. Journal of Educational and Psychological Assessment, 12, 43-61.
Kang, O.. & Rubin, D. (2012). Inter-group contact exercises as a tool for mitigating undergraduates’ attitudes toward ITAs. Journal of Excellence in College Teaching, 23 (3), 159-166.
Kang, O. (2011). ESL students’ perceptions of pronunciation instruction in inner circle countries. New Zealand Studies in Applied Linguistics, 17, 99-106.
Kang, O., & Pickering, L. (2011). The role of objective measures of suprasegmental features in judgments of comprehensibility and oral proficiency in L2 spoken discourse. Speak Out, 44, 4-8.
Kang, O., Rubin, D., Pickering, L. (2010). Suprasegmental measures of accentedness and judgments of English language learner proficiency in oral English, Modern Language Journal, 94, 554-566.
Kang, O. (2010). ESL Learners’ attitudes toward pronunciation instruction and varieties of English. In J. Levis & K. LeVelle (Eds.), Proceedings of the 1st Pronunciation in Second Language Learning and Teaching (pp. 105-118). Ames, IA: Iowa State University.
Kang, O. (2010). Salient prosodic features on judgments of second language accent. Speech Prosody. http://speechprosody2010.illinois.edu/papers/100016.pdf
Kang, O. (2010). Relative salience of suprasegmental features on judgments of L2 comprehensibility and accentedness. System, 38, 301-315.
Kang, O., & Rubin, D. (2009). Reverse linguistic stereotyping: Measuring the effect of listener expectations on speech evaluation. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 28, 441-456.
Kang, O. (2008). The effect of rater background characteristics on the rating of International Teaching Assistants Speaking Proficiency. Spaan Fellow Working Papers, 6, 181-205.
Rubin, D., & Kang, O. (2008). Writing to speak: What goes on across the two way street. In D. Belcher, D., and A. Hirvela, (Eds.), The oral/literate connection: Perspectives on L2 speaking/writing connections. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Selected Recent Presentations
Kang, O., & Chowdhury, F. (2013). Relative contribution of suprasegmental: Machine vs. Human. Pronunciation in Second Language Learning and Teaching, Ames, IA.
Kang, O. (2013). English learners’ pronunciation gains in the ESL context. New Sounds, Montreal, Canada.
Kang, O., & Wang, L. (2013). Linguistic features that distinguish examinees’ proficiency levels. American Association for Applied Linguistics, Dallas, Texas.
Kang, O. (2013). Pronunciation Research and Practice in EFL Contexts. TESOL 2013 Intersection (SPLIS, EFL, NNEST). TESOL Convention, Dallas, TX.
Kang, O., & Staples, S. (2013). Recent Research Regarding ITAs: The Dynamics of Interaction.ITA Academic Session. TESOL Convention, Dallas, TX.
Kang, O. (2012). Communication Enhancement Through Prejudice Reduction Between ITAs and Undergraduate Students, ITA Colloquium, American Association for Applied Linguistics, Boston, MA.
Kang, O. (2012). Pronunciation features distinguishing examinees’ performance at different proficiency levels. Pronunciation Second Language Learning and Teaching. Vancouver, Canada.
Kang, O., & Nicodemus, C. (2012). Students’ individual characteristics that predict success in studying languages abroad. American Educational Research Association (AERA), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Kang O., (2011). Perceptual Judgments of Accent by Native Speakers and Non-native Speakers of English. Pronunciation in Second Language Learning and Teaching. Iowa State University, Ames, IA.
Kang, O. (2011). Communication Enhancement with L2 Speakers through Attitude Changes. Presidential plenary, “L2 Accent and Ethics: Issues That Merit Concern” with Tracey Derwing, Helen Fraser, and Ron Thompson. TESOL Convention, New Orleans, NJ.
Kang, O. (2011). Learners’ perception toward pronunciation instruction and varieties of World Englishes. AAAL, Chicago, IL.
Selected External Grants
TOEFL Committee of Examiners (COE) Research Grants, ETS (2013-2015): Intelligibility of Different Varieties of English in the TOEFL iBT Listening Test.
Cambridge ESOL Funded Research Program (2013).Impact of Different Task Types on Candidates’ Speaking Performances and Interactive Features that Distinguish between CEFR Levels.
TOEFL Board Grants, ETS (2011-2012). Thresholds of second language study for oversea immersion.
Cambridge ESOL Funded Research Program (2011-2012). Linguistic Analysis of Speaking Features Distinguishing General English Exams at CEFR levels B1 to C2 and Examinee L1 Backgrounds.
TOEFL Board Grants, ETS (2010-2011). Students’ individual characteristics that predict success in studying languages abroad.
TOEFL COE Grants, ETS (2006-2007) with Don Rubin and Lucy Pickering. Relative Impact of Rater Intercultural and Language Background, Rater Language Attitudes, Rater Training, and Measurable Elements of Pronunciation on TOEFL iBT Speaking Proficiency Scoring.
Spaan Fellowship Fund: Second & Foreign Language Assessment (2006). International Teaching Assistants (ITA) Speaking Proficiency.
Awards and Honors
Recipient of "2013 TOEFL Outstanding Young Scholar Award"
Recipient of “Most Promising New Scholar at NAU” 2012 award.
Winner of Christopher Brumfit 2009 PhD/Ed.D.Thesis Award by Cambridge University Press and the journal of Language Teaching.
Finalist of Jacqueline Ross TOEFL® Dissertation 2009 Award.